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Culture & Art

लोक मैत्री

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शहर में  लोक मैत्री के खूब चर्चे हैं मसलन लोक मैत्री अस्पताल, लोक मैत्री पुलिस एवं लोक मैत्री सेवाएँ । एक दिन मुझे भी पुलिस महकमे के एक पदाधिकारी ने लोक मैत्री पुलिस पर परिचर्चा में अपना वक्तव्य देने को बुलाया था । परिचर्चा में अपना वक्तव्य देने के बाद अभी बैठा ही था कि घर से फ़ोन आ गया कि बेटे ने छत से गिरकर हाथ तोड़ लिया है । मैं तेजी से बाहर निकला और अपनी कार लेकर अस्पताल की ओर भागा । चौराहे पर पंहुचा ही था कि उल्टी दिशा से एक रिक्शा आते दिखा ... इससे पहले कि मै कुछ समझता .... हलाकि मैंने ब्रेक लगाया ... लेकिन तबतक रिक्शावाला हड़बड़ा  गया ...  वह डरकर ब्रेक भी नहीं लगा पाया और उसने मेरी गारी में टक्कर मार दी .... नतीजतन उसका रिक्शा उलट गया और वह गिर पड़ा।  मैं कार से बाहर निकला और उसको घुड़की पिलाई।  निरीह प्राणी की तरह रिक्शे वाले ने हाथ जोड़कर कहा साहब गलती हो गई। उसकी मुद्रा देखकर मेरा गुस्सा काफूर हो गया।  उसपर मैं जल्दी में भी था सो रिक्शा उठाने में उसकी मदद करने लगा।  इतने में एक पुलिस वाला जो चौराहे पर पेड़ के नीचे खड़े रहकर अपनी ड्यूटी कर रहा था वह हमारे पास पहुंचा और मेरी ओर मुख़ातिब होकर बोला "मार दिए न गरीब आदमी को" ! मुझे ये जानकर अच्छा लगा कि चलो, इसे हमदर्दी है रिक्शेवाले से, आखिर लोक मैत्री पुलिस है।  लेकिन मैं उसके सामने अपनी बेगुनाही भी साबित करना चाहता था...और यह अत्यावश्यक भी था ...   क्योंकि जब भी सड़क पर किसी को ठोकर लगता है तो ठोकर मारने वाले, और ठोकर लगने वाले के अलावा, वहां इकठ्ठा हुआ सभी व्यक्ति को अपने न्यायधीश होने का गुमा होने लगता है ... और देश की अदालतों में फैसला तो वादी के स्वर्ग सिधारने के बाद भी आता है लेकिन इन न्यायधीशों की खूबी यही है कि ये फैसला त्वरित करते हैं ...  न्यायपालिका और कार्यपालिका के लेटलतीफी और नकारेपन के खिलाफ जो गुस्सा होता है वो उसका बदला यहीं लेने लगते हैं।  इससे पहले की मैं अपनी बेगुनाही साबित करता ...  तबतक रिक्शे वाले ने पुलिस वाले को हाथ जोड़कर कहा कि साहब, इसमें इनकी गलती नहीं थी।  लेकिन पुलिस वाले ने उसे बीच में ही टोकते हुए चुप रहने को कहा....और रिक्शावाला डर कर चुप हो गया।  मैंने बात बिगड़ता देख अंग्रेजी में बोलना शुरू किया ताकि पुलिस वाले पर धौंस जमाया जाय। वैसे भी कहा जाता है कि अंग्रेजी बोलने के मतलब है कि आप ज्यादा जानकर और रसूख वाले हैं ... एक कहावत है अंग्रेजी में "एवरीथिंग साउंड्स गुड इन इंग्लिश" ...   5 मिनट तक मेरी अंग्रेजी सुनने के बाद पुलिस वाले ने कहा ... वह सब तो ठीक है लेकिन धक्का तो लगबे न किया है ... है कि नहीं ?... क्या जी ?... रिक्शे वाले से पूछा ... रिक्शे वाले ने हामी में सर हिलाया  ... नहीं हिलाता तो अगले दिन उसकी शामत आ जाती ।  पुलिस वाले ने  मैत्रीपूर्ण तरीके से इसका रास्ता सुझाया ... छोड़िये ... एक काम कीजिये ... 50 रूपये रिक्शे वाले को दे दीजिये इसका पेडल टूट गया है ... और 100 रुपया हमलोग को दे दीजिये आखिर आपही लोग के सेवा के लिए न धुप आ बरसात में  में खड़ा रहते हैं ... मैंने सोंचा इतनी लोक मैत्री पुलिस है अपनी, हम बेकार ही इसपर चर्चा करते रहते हैं ...  Author: Ranvijay Kumar (Social and Political activist, associated with many civil and political movement. To read more his writings please visit his personal blog by clicking here) Pics Credit: https://www.dreamstime.com/stock-illustration-people-group-participation-logo-concept-happy-together-image86419162 

Proven Strategies and Innovations across the globe to combat Child Labour

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“This is not about naming and shaming. This is about promoting proven strategies… By putting the right data and the right tools in the right hands, we make better decisions and get results that make a meaningful difference in the lives of vulnerable children and their families.”   - Martha Newton, Deputy Undersecretary for International Affairs at the U.S. Department of Labour Child labour stands tall as one of the biggest impediments of growth in the contemporary world and has received global scrutiny for causing life-long negative consequences on a child’s overall being. In India, Child Labour Act came into existence in the year 1986. With progressive amendments over the last few years, it has tried establishing a strong legal framework to eradicate child labour from the country. But till today, it continues to remain an evil practice in one of the world’s worst affected economies, employing several children under inhumane conditions and depriving them of their childhood. UNICEF in its annual reports with ILO captures global trends and practices of acute slavery and unacceptable form of work, imposed on children world over, causing serious violations of child rights. As per the ILO figures (2017), the world has seen a considerable decline but still, more than 150 million children continue to suffer exploitation in the form of child labour, around 25 million as bonded labour, resulting into non-fulfilment of the rights guaranteed to them by the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Child labour continues to be a cohesive result of failures at several socio-economic levels led by acute poverty, poor parenthood, migration, lack of economic opportunities, emergencies etc. It requires a culture of social responsibility and enforcement of effective laws to send out a clear message of zero tolerance towards child labour. To address the almost insurmountable concern of child labour; governments, private players and civic organisations around the world have showcased some stunning innovative measures to solve it at the grassroots, instead of treating it as a siloed project, and have attacked it in a holistic manner. To elucidate with examples, The US Department of Labour, in 2016, released an application called Comply Chain, designed to support businesses to eradicate child labour and forced labour out of their supply chain management. The application was released in tandem with the US Department of Labour’s sixteenth and updated annual edition of the report, Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labour. The report was launched in recognition of the efforts put in by 135 countries across the globe to address child labour and assess their achievements and advancements made over the years. Comply Chain: Business Tools for Labour Compliance in Global Supply Chains helps businesses to establish a strong social compliance framework to mitigate and prevent child labour, across their supply chains. In order to implement the compliance system, the app breaks the process into eight concrete steps viz. engage Stakeholders and Partners, develop a Code of Conduct, assess Risks and Impacts amongst others. Each step comes with a module and includes relevant information for the business to gather substantial repository to engage with, ensuring that it is comprehensive and relevant. Comply Chain with its success has pushed boundaries of discussion on how for-profit corporations can help to solve some of the greatest challenges of the world through innovation. Further, in a recently organised event (Hackathon) by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) in Kyrgyzstan, information and technology experts came together to promote child rights and protection and provided digitally sound solutions in combatting child labour and exploitation. One of the groups that were adjudged winner of the competition created an application with a potential to monitor child labour, assess circumstances and provide recommendations to resolve it. The application is designed by a team of digital experts- Testovoe Nazvanie, supported by the ILO project in Kyrgyzstan, that would help conduct interviews with children, assess their situations and enable the authorities to track them. This move is a part of disruptive measures initiated by the ILO where they have sought partnerships with highly qualified technology professionals in developing applications to help them facilitate child labour tracking and monitoring. The application is in its beta phase currently and will be tested in line with the government initiatives. Another progressive example that can be looked upon is the set of transformative steps taken by the Buhari Government in Nigeria to bring back its children to school and protect them from the denial of education and exposure to violence. The key areas of positive impact of the state government here are investing in its people, creating a conducive business environment and building the national infrastructure to support its economy. One of the key challenges that the government has incessantly faced regarding children education is malnutrition. Malnutrition being the main culprit, it has costed the schools with declining enrolment and absenteeism. With the introduction of Home-Grown School Feeding Program (HSFP), the kids at the school are provided with nutrition-rich meals using food locally grown by the farmers, tackling hunger at the roots and improving nutritional levels in children. HSFP, a government-led program has shown exemplary results and is widely appreciated by global organisations for serving as a multiple-response business model accruing benefits to not just the school children but the local farmers as well. Endorsed by the United Nation, the program is being looked upon for its value-addition into the lives of some of the most vulnerable children of the world.  In India, we have one of the greatest success stories of combatting child labour through innovation, where businesses and consumers have come together to address the issue. The initiative, GoodWeave- a non-profit founded by the Nobel Laureate Kailash Satyarthi is a breakthrough in child labour advocacy in the rug industry that employs one of the highest numbers of children aged between 5-17 years. The Goodweave Child-Free-Labour-Certification sets standards for no-child-labour for businesses and grants licences to the players in the rug industry to comply with. The businesses further allow GoodWeave to randomly inspect the sites of manufacturing and packaging and pay a nominal amount as the fee to support the monitoring and inspection.  GoodWeave has inducted more than 11 million rug makers and has helped them reduce the number of child labour in the industry from 1 million to 250, 000. Such stunning examples of innovation and hardships show that no matter how big a problem is, a range of solutions can be devised if parties come together to solve it. Exploitation of children under the garb of child labour is not just a human rights issue, its an economic issue too. We as consumers or businesses are equally responsible towards its propagation if we haven’t yet put the violators to trial. We must access our rights to confront an issue of such magnitude and create a safe environment for our children to realise their maximum potential. Innovation is one of the bright answers to challenges that question the future of our children! Pics Credit: https://blog.wisdomjobs.com/child-labour-in-india/

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