Indian history of labour laws is so vast. It goes back to the pre-independence period. A number of labour laws regulating different factors between employee & employees ranging from social security to disputes arise at the workplace. A brief look at the labour laws in India:
The Apprentices Act, 1961
The Act is about to promotion of new manpower at skills. It also promotes improvement/Refinement of old skills through theoretical & practical training in a number of trade and occupation. In India, the “The Apprentices Act” Came into force in 1961 and was amended by the Act of 1986.
Payment of Wages Act 1936
The Act regulates the payment of wages to employees (Direct & Indirect). The Act is intended to be a remedy against unauthorized deduction by the employer or unjustified delay in payment of wages. It is applicable to all factories, industrial establishment, motor transport services, plantation & other establishment.
Workmen’s Compensation Act 1923
The Act is about providing the payment by certain classes of employees to their workmen of compensation for injury by accident during the course of employment. It covers all employees of any categories/capacity irrespective of their status of salaries either directly of hired through contractor.
The Factories Act, 1948
This Act has been come into force to consolidate and amend the law regulating the workers working in the factories. To ensure the safeguard of interest of workers and protect them from exploitation, the Act prescribes certain standards with regard to safety, welfare and working hours of workers.
The Industrial Disputes Act 1947
The Act is to make provisions for the investigation & settlements of industrial disputes between employer & employees.
Employees PF & MP Act, 1952
It is about to extend the reach and quality of publicly managed old-age income security programs through consistent and ever improving standards of compliance and benefit delivery. The Act is to provide certain benefits to employees in case of sickness, maternity and employment injury & to make provisions for related matters.
A List of Labour Laws in India under following categories:
Industrial Relation Laws:
Trade Unions Act, 1926
Industrial Employment Standing Order Act, 1946.
Industrial Disputes Act, 1947.
Wage Related Laws:
Payment of Wages Act, 1936
Minimum Wages Act, 1948
Payment of Bonus Act, 1965.
Working Journalists fixation of Rates of Wages Act, 1958
Laws related to Working Hours, Conditions of Service and Employment:
Factories Act, 1948.
Plantation Labour Act, 1951.
Mines Act, 1952.
Working Journalists and other Newspaper Employees’ (Conditions of Service and Misc. Provisions) Act, 1955.
Merchant Shipping Act, 1958.
Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961.
Beedi & Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966.
Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act, 1970.
Sales Promotion Employees Act, 1976.
Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979.
Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Act, 1986.
Building & Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment & Conditions of Service) Act, 1996.
Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1996
Cine-Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1981
Dangerous Machines (Regulation) Act, 1983
Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1948
Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) (Inapplicability to Major Ports) Act, 1997
Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993
Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946
Mines and Mineral (Development and Regulation Act, 1957
Plantation Labour Act, 1951
Private Security Agencies (Regulation) Act, 2005
Equality and Empowerment of Women Laws:
Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
Equal Remuneration Act, 1976.
Laws related to Deprived and Disadvantaged Sections of the Society such as:
Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976
Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986
Children (Pledging of Labour) Act, 1933
Laws related to Social Security such as:
Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923.
Employees' State Insurance Act, 1948.
Employees' Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952.
Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.
Employers’ Liability Act, 1938
Beedi Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1976
Beedi Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1976
Cine workers Welfare Cess Act, 1981
Cine Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1981
Fatal Accidents Act, 1855
Iron Ore Mines, Manganese Ore Mines and Chrome Ore Mines Labour Welfare Cess Act, 1976
Iron Ore Mines, Manganese Ore Mines and Chrome Ore Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1976
Limestone and Dolomite Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1972
Mica Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1946
Personal Injuries (Compensation Insurance) Act, 1963
Personal Injuries (Emergency Provisions) Act, 1962
Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008